Good news for autumn babies: those born between September and November are more likely to live to 100 than those born in other months of the year.

The month in which you are born can influence the environment in which you develop – inside the womb and out. Evidence suggests that this can affect your behaviour and genetics and have a lifelong impact on your health.

Previous research has suggested that those born in the autumn are more likely to live longer than those born at other times of the year. However, researchers could not rule out the possibility that this advantage may have been due to differences between the families studied, such as socioeconomic status, which also influences early environment.

So Leonid Gavrilov and Natalia Gavrilova, both at the University of Chicago, gathered data from more than 1500 centenarians born in the US between 1880 and 1895. They compared birth and death information with that of the centenarians’ siblings and spouses – the siblings would have experienced a similar early environment and genetic background and the spouses would have a experienced a similar environment in their adult life .

The pair found that more centenarians were born in the autumn than in the spring. They also analysed all births in the US over a year within this period to rule out the possibility that this was because more people were born at this time of year. There was no significant fluctuation during autumn.

Read more on the New Scientist

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